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    Yarrow

    YARROW

    (Achillea Millefolium)

    Yarrow is a perennial herb, native to Europe and Asia. The medicinal and culinary uses of Yarrow date back to 1200 BC. The active compounds of yarrow are volatile oil, containing a- and b- pinenes; acetate, borneol, caryophyllene, eugenol, farnesene, myrcene, salicylic acid, thujone, cineole, camphene, camphor, gamma terpinene, isoartemisia ketone, chamazulene, limonene, sabinene and tricyclene and esquiterpene lactones.

    The primary external actions of this herb are styptic (stops bleeding), astringent (makes tissue contract), antiseptic (inhibits bacterial growth), vulnerary (helps tissue heal), anti-inflammatory, and possibly anesthetic. Internally yarrow is diaphoretic (raises the body temperature and makes you sweat), expectorant, carminative (dispels gas), hemostatic (stops bleeding), astringent, antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, analgesic, stimulant, and emmenagogue. It also makes a bitter tonic which stimulates digestion.

    Over 3,000 years ago, ancient Greeks used it as a treatment for wounds. The genus name, Achillea, honors the Greek hero Achilles; who reportedly used yarrow for himself and for his solders as a treatment for battle wounds.

    Yarrow is a traditional women’s herb, used to ease menstruation. Many herbal sources regard it as a uterine tonic. A number of studies have supported the use of it to enhance circulation to the uterus, improving the tone, increasing menstrual flow and reducing uterine spasms and menstrual cramps. Traditional herbalists recommend Achillea millefolium as a natural treatment for menorrhagia, amenorrhea, uterine hemorrhage, and leucorrhea.

    As a medicinal plant it is believed to be an effective herbal antiseptic; in Scotland a wound ointment is made from it. An ointment made from it is also used as a treatment for piles.

    The bitter qualities and fatty acids encourage bile flow (known as the cholagogue effect), improving digestion and preventing the formation of gallstones.

    Yarrow is used as a natural decongestant and expectorant having astringent action that is useful in treating nasal congestion due to colds and allergies caused by molds, dust, pollen and dander.

    Skin conditions such as eczema are treated with an infusion of yarrow

    Yarrow is used as a natural anti-inflammatory in the treatment of arthritis and rheumatism. The volatile oil is rich in sesquiterpene lactones, and alkamides giving yarrow its anti-inflammatory activity. The presence of the alkamides may also further reduce inflammation.

    Herbalists consider Achillea millefolium to be one of the best diaphoretic herbs; it is a standard herbal remedy for the treatment of fever. For a natural treatment for fever, yarrow combines well with elder flower, peppermint, boneset, and with cayenne and ginger.

    It lowers blood pressure due to dilation of the peripheral vessels and is considered by herbalists to be specific in treating thrombotic conditions associated with hypertension. For a natural herbal treatment for high blood pressure, the herb combines well with hawthorn, linden flowers and European mistletoe.

    The alkaloids in yarrow act as a hemostatic (an agent used to stop internal bleeding) and it is been used as an herbal treatment to curb hemorrhage.

    Herbalists use yarrow as a natural digestive aid; it stimulates the secretion of enzymes and digestive juices, improving appetite and helping with digestion.

    Its astringent action makes it a useful natural treatment for diarrhea and dysentery.

    It is used as an herbal remedy to relieve the symptoms of cystitis (a bladder infection marked by pain as well as frequent, painful urination).

    Yarrow may be used as a natural herbal stimulant for the circulatory system, and as a treatment for varicose veins, hemorrhoids, phlebitis (inflammation of superficial veins that results in pain) and thrombosis. Important action of Yarrow tea is stimulating detoxification and speeding up toxin removal from our body.

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